Care for pressure ulcers depends on how deep the wound is. Generally, cleaning and dressing a wound includes the following:
- Cleaning. If the affected skin is not broken, wash it with a gentle cleanser and pat dry. Clean open sores with water or a saltwater (saline) solution each time the dressing is changed.
- Putting on a bandage. A bandage speeds healing by keeping the wound moist. This creates a barrier against infection and keeps the surrounding skin dry. Bandage choices include films, gauzes, gels, foams and treated coverings. You may need a combination of dressings.
- Pressure redistribution. If too much pressure is on an area it will prevent the blood from circulating. This will prevent healing.
- Custom orthotics. Orthotics can help with pressure redistribution and help prevent blood from being cut off to woads. The can also help prevent ulceration.
- Debridement. Sometimes the dead skin needs to be derided to allow the healthy skin to grow
To heal properly, wounds need to be free of damaged, dead or infected tissue. Removing this tissue (debridement) is accomplished with a number of methods, such as gently flushing the wound with water or cutting out damaged tissue.